Tuesday

Notes from 1 Peter 1:1-12

I have been teaching through the book of First Peter in our Sunday school class the past few weeks and decided it might be helpful to post my notes here for anyone who is interested.  This set of notes is from 1 Peter 1:1-12.


If you see anything I have missed or gotten wrong, leave me a comment.  The goal is to "rightly divide the word of truth" above all so I welcome corrections where I have gotten off track.





Background
• Written by the apostle Peter.
• Probably written in early 60’s AD.  
• Written to Christians living in what is modern day Turkey (possibly the descendants of Jews who settled there  after the Babylonian captivity – as the diaspora (dispersion) was the term used to speak of their state.
• The recipients were being persecuted for their faith (possibly the persecution instituted by Nero)
• Not written to one specific church.


Major themes 
• Salvation and how it affects:
• Holiness / Conduct
• Suffering
• Submission


1 Peter 1:1-12
The reality of our salvation is our anchor as we live holy lives in the world in the face of suffering.
Knowing that these believers are facing persecution, Peter begins by reminding them of the magnificent realities of their salvation (election).

Salvation
·         A product of all three members of the Trinity - election is ascribed to the Father, reconciliation to the Son, and sanctification to the Spirit.
o   Father – elect according to His foreknowledge (v.1) and mercy (v.3)
o   Spirit – sanctified (set apart as His) for obedience (the end in mind) to Christ.
§  2 Thessalonians 2:13 -- But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.
§  Hebrews 10:10 -- And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
§  Ephesians 1:4 -- even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him.
§  Acts 20:32, Romans 15:16, 1 Corinthians 1:30, 1 Corinthians 6:11

o   Son – “for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood
§  Obedience to Christ in saving faith
·         Romans 1:5 -- through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations,
·         Faith is a gift – Philippians 1:29

§  justifies believers with His blood.
·         Hebrews 11:19-22 -- For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.”21 And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship. 22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.

·         A living hope – Christ’s resurrection assures us that our hope is not in vain, but alive and sure in the person of Jesus Christ.

·         Inheritance – Salvation attains an imperishable, undefiled, unfading inheritance for us in heaven as children of the Father and co-heirs with the Son.

·         Protection – We “through God’s power are being guarded through faith”. (Matthew 10:28)

·         The prophets longed to know of it – the prophets of the Old Testament wanted to know more about the messiah they prophesied of.

Suffering/Trials
·         Test the genuineness of faith
·         Genuine faith results in the praise of Jesus Christ.
Suffering and trials are for the purpose of refining and testing our faith so that it will bring honor and glory to Christ when He returns.